Usually just a simple adhesive but there are different types for different tapes.
It's a cross between that large solid cinder block that fell on my head as a kid that I mentioned in an earlier question and the accident that murdered my Nissan and left my neck screwed up for over a month. The picture below is only half the damage my baby received.
In high school their was a game called rackem only for guys one guy would grab one leg another leg and the pole is in the middle. Yes painfull